Mexico flyin Long-EZ, Varieze and other Burt Rutan Aircraft

A flight of three Long-EZ's adventure to Rincón de Guayabitos Fly-In

by Dan Patch

Well, getting up the motivation to fly to Mexico wasnt an issue for me this year. Last years trip was so much fun that committing to the trip was easy. And, while far from making me an expert Mexican Pilot, I learned enough about flying in Mexico to be much more comfortable, despite my inability to speak or understand Spanish. I wont rehash details covered in my last years trip report, To Mexico and Back the EZ Way. But for some hints on how to prepare for a trip to Mexico, and a summary of some EZ history on who, what, when, where, why and how to Mexico, I suggest that you check out Dave (Beagle) Orrs excellent guide, Another "Save the Males" Flying to Acapulco. The number of gals who went along this year equaled the number of guys, so these trips have become family events.

Motivation and Background

Map of the approximate route. Click on any image to enlarge.

Were Off

Well, it wasnt a very promising start. It was an hour past our 10:00 AM, drop dead departure time, and we were just lifting off at the start of more than a 1000 nautical mile trip deep into Mexico after a four hour delay for IFR weather conditions to Wait! That describes the start of last years trip to Rincón de Guayabitos. The weather just had to be better this year than the glop dished out by an unusual and nasty cutoff low that parked its ugly self off the San Diego coast in 2003 didnt it? Well, yes and no, but Im getting ahead of the story. Again this year, we faced the same type of “very unusual weather system; but a least we had good visibility under and between the multiple, broken layers, no rain, no icing, and the subtropical moisture sweeping across northern Mexico that stopped us dead in our tracks last year for an unplanned overnight in Mexicali wasnt anywhere to be seen (yet). Plan A was for very experienced Mexico travelers, Bill (Duck) and Donna Oertel to launch from Chino at 6:00 AM aboard their rompin, stompin, O-320 powered VariEze (N183W) complete with baggage pods. A low level pass at Ramona would entrain Bob (Bobby) Fuseliers O-320 powered LongEZ (N262E, also pod equipped) with his GIB, Ann Landers, in Ducks prop wash. Meanwhile, my little O-200 powered VariEze (N862DP) would putt putt out of Montgomery a bit after 6:00 AM, subsequently to be run over by the two speedy birds somewhere around Calexico. An early start was critical because we intended to make two stops enroute the first, Hermosillo (MMHO) for gas and to clear into Mexico, and the second, Mazatlán (MMMZ) to stock up on fuel an hour out of our destination, El Llano (LLF) located about seven miles north of Guayabitos. Of course, a stop in Mexico isnt like a stop in the U.S. In Mexico, a stop is more like one of lifes phases the time to pass through it is tough to estimate, and it can be a while quite a while, on occasion. Many papers need to be shuffled, five different charges to pay, receipts to fill out, forms to be signed, the same forms signed again somewhere else, and well it takes time for all this, and they do have lots of time in Mexico. So, last year I was stuck at Montgomery field in IFR conditions, with Bob Fuselier waiting semi-patiently in Palomar for me (and the weather) to get moving. This year it is his turn to sit under a low ceiling in “always a blue sky Ramona. Cell phone call to Bobby, “Well, doesnt look too great here. Call to Duck in Chino “Were good to go. So whats Plan B? Oops, we forgot to put one together. Now what? Ditch my flight mates? Burn precious time waiting on the ground? More calls. “Hey, its looking a bit better now in Ramona. I think I might be able to get out. Call to Duck “Dont hesitate, launch now! and Im on my way, thirty minutes late, and squished between a rising cloud deck and the Class Bravo ceiling, but its a go! By Alpine Im climbing over the tops at 6500', and the edge of a mess of clouds is disappearing under the canard. Its clear to the east as far as the eye can see, as advertised. Joy prevails.

The Flight Down

Heading out, I try a few calls to raise Duck or Bobby on 135.95. No joy, but not a big surprise. Twelve out from Mexicali (MMML) I switch to tower frequency and give them a call before crossing the border at Calexico. Gee, this is way easier than last year when we were fighting to get through to MMML under a low deck in near IFR conditions! As expected, Mexicali requests that I report overhead, and then again 30 nm outbound thats about all thats required to enter Mexico assuming, of course, that you personally filed a DVFR flight plan with SD FSS and remembered to open it in the U.S. at least 15 minutes before crossing the border. I did. About 40 nm past Mexicali I hear the speedy birds come up on the frequency. Hooray, they made it out of Ramona! Listening in, November 262 Echo expresses concern about the exact location of the Tijuana TCA boundary, while November 183 Whiskey doesnt sound too excited by this issue.

Bill (Duck) and Donna Oertel climbing out of San Diego in VariEze N183W looking west. (Photo by Ann Landers)

Once Mexicali turns all of us loose, we are free to link up on the air-to-air frequency. From our Mexicali position reports, its not too hard to deduce that the speedy birds are about 70 nm behind me, and they are really hauling the heating oil to grandmas house, making 188 kts over the ground. Im gonna be road kill pretty quick at my normal cruise speed of around 145 kts except Im making 166 kts. Sweet! A romping tailwind and it holds all the way to MMHO. So Im still out in front about 50 nm landing at MMHO, proving the adage that a little head start is equivalent to a lot of extra speed. At Hermosillo I get the paperwork process rolling, and am well along with my flight plan, landing fee, customs, visa application, etc., when the N262E and N183W drive by heading for fuel. Im nearly done with my paperwork when they start theirs. Since we all agree that time is of the essence, and since Im the slowest, I get fuel and launch pronto. Nobody says anything to me about finding oil coming out of 62 Echos cowl. Im about 50 nm out when the speedy birds are up and talking to MMHO departure. Then a side discussion starts between Bobby and Duck about lower than normal oil pressure, and an unknown amount of oil flowing aft on 62 Echos cowl. Oh oh, this doesnt sound good. But Bobbys oil pressure starts back up in level cruise, and the loss rate appears to be acceptable, so a decision is made to press on, with watchful eyes both inside and outside the plane monitoring the situation. This illustrates why its a very good idea to fly with another plane when in Mexico! With only a three-hour leg from Hermosillo to Mazatlán, plenty of fuel, clear skies, and my heated socks fired up, life is good. Were all at sitting at 9500 feet and the distance between planes is closing, albeit at less than the anticipated rate. Im a happy camper not to be holding up the show; but I figure we still need to get in and out of MMMZ by 4:20 PM at the drop dead, latest if we are going to make El Llano by ~5:23 PM official sunset in Puerto Vallarta. Also, dont forget the one-hour time change (two hours for Puerto Vallarta!) that runs against you down bound into Mexico its a big factor on this trip. In Mexico, once the sun touches the ocean, the sky belongs to IFR, twins. No singles and no VFR flight in the dark! Landing after sunset is not considered a joking matter, and you never know if a passel of soldiers might be stationed at the field just to keep everybody honest. Since LLF has no lights of any kind, landing after dark would be no joke, in any event. By 3:15 PM Im on the ramp in Mazatlán, and the speedy birds are entering the pattern. We need to close our old flight plans and open new ones (filing is mandatory at all controlled fields), get fuel, and pay the landing fees. The Mexican authorities are clearly worried about the time of day when they hear we are planning to fly on to LLF. By their reckoning, we need to be off by 4:00 PM or they cant let us depart since they arent sure we can make LLF before sunset. So they do their best to expedite the process. The tough nut is figuring out the landing fee and making up the three required receipts. Neither LGEZ nor LEZE aircraft are listed in their official, gross weight book, and the receipts must be filled out with various bits of irrelevant information and great care (theyre beautiful, nearly frame and hang on the wall pieces of paper). Duck lowballs them with a gross weight of 450 kg and they settle for it. Getting this detail squared away takes about twenty-five minutes and the charge comes to $7.50 total, for all three planes! By now its 3:57 PM and were still in the terminal. In the midst of all this, Bob is busy checking on his oil loss situation and rounding up more oil (at ~$8.00/qt.). His cowl and the ramp are seriously soggy, and hes down 3+ quarts in three hours. Not good, but tolerable for the remaining one hour leg. 4:00 PM comes and goes, but not by much, before we taxi out as a flight of three and depart in formation from intersection Delta. Jeez, that was really close; but we made it, the sky is clear, and the temperature tropical. We never would have cleared Mazatlán in time to reach El Llano if Ann Landers hadnt jumped in to handle paperwork at both stops, while the guys dealt with fueling and the oil loss issue. Thanks Ann! Special recognition, however, certainly goes to Donna Oertel. A lifetime of living with diabetes has taken much of the feeling and mobility from Donnas legs, so that getting in and out of the VariEze is a difficult and time-consuming endeavor for her. With the delayed start, Donna knew that we just didnt have any extra time, so she chose to stay in the plane from Chino to El Llano over ten hours straight! An absolutely astounding feat!

Rincón de Guayabitos looking south. (Photo by Ann Landers)

As the familiar shoreline appears north of the small El Llano airstrip, we start down out of our low cruise altitude of 5500 feet. Duck keeps going down and down, with N262E close behind. Id be down there too dancing with the dolphins and pelicans, but Im a bit wary of the flocks of seabirds that I know are to be found near the shoreline. Last year flying Young Mexican Eagles I strayed into a huge flock of Friggin birds, I mean Frigate birds.1 It was a bit like flying through a rainstorm and hoping you wouldnt get wet. So, here comes the El Llano strip, cut out of the low jungle growth, and its a high speed, low altitude pass down the runway, followed by a high speed run over Guayabitos. Somebody needs to announce our arrival, of course, so we shoulder the burden. With a climbing right turn out over the bay, our three ship heads back north the seven miles to El Llano to land, with the sun just on the horizon. Bob is in a hurry and cuts a close in right pattern, Duck comes around in a wider left pattern, and Im taking my time behind Duck. The El Llano runway isnt short (its 3280 ft), but you wont mistake it for LAX either, and its a good idea to be sure that the local bovine population is off doing something other than exploring the many attractions of standing on the runway.

Well, the cows are nowhere to be seen, but there is plenty of circumstantial evidence on the runway that they had been around, and not that long ago. Whatever, its good to pull up off the runway and shutdown for the day! The silence is welcome, and the half dozen armed soldiers who come out the jungle are friendly enough. Actually, Im glad they are there nobody is likely to bother the planes with the Mexican Army camped 25 meters away for the duration of the Fly-In! But mostly, we are glad to see old friends (German, Karen and the rest of the VBV crew) from the Villas Buena Vida Resort, who have been waiting for us to arrive. By the time we have our stuff out of the planes and loaded up, its nearly dark. When the sun goes down at this latitude (21° north) daylight doesnt linger. So were off, with me wedged into the rumble seat of Karen Hofstads pristine, fully restored 1930 Model A Ford (powered by a 351, V-8), racing the fading light into town because she doesnt drive in the dark. Karens 2800 mile, ten-day trip from Eugene, Oregon to Guayabitos, Nayarit that ended the week before in Panther Pink (Pink for obvious reasons, and nouns precede adjectives in Spanish) is a long story, best told by Karen. 1. The Experimental Aircraft Association had a ten-year program to fly a million kids and we transplanted it to Mexico as a way of giving back something to the community.

Just Hanging Out

After a quick check-in, its time to stroll 200 feet down the beach to Tonitas, a favorite dinner spot with seafood so fresh its almost still jumpin. Id recommend the shrimp, or the lobster, or the fillet (either Tonita or Guayabitos style) or well, you cant go wrong with anything on the menu, especially after more than fifteen hours since breakfast. Some reconstituting liquid, like a Tonita Margarita (or two), makes sense. Mike Oertel, who flew down commercially the day before, joins us for dinner so were all here except Jill, my wife whos arriving the next day from Puerto Vallarta she thinks that seven hours in the back seat of a VariEze, with two stops is a bit too much for one day! The next morning, hot coffee and pastries are waiting poolside at 6:15 AM for the early risers, and its time for a walk up the beach (or down, as the spirit moves) to do a little bird watching, wading and picture taking. Its cooled down nicely overnight to ~69 °F, so the sand feels hot where the ~84 °F water has washed up on the beach, and the surf is small as usual. You quickly learn that 7:008:30 AM is a good time for a walk, since the temperature starts heading up, and the sea breeze doesnt really kick in until later in the morning, effectively cooling things back down. A nice place to end your walk is breakfast at Abbey and Miguels La Terraza Restaurant, just two blocks away. If thats too far to manage, Esmeraldas is located poolside at the VBV, and the food and prices there are excellent. Not being a gourmet eater, I generally limit myself to what I know is both good and convenient, but there are numerous places to eat within walking distance, and Ive heard a good reports for places that I was too lazy to try out on my own.

Its midweek and the beach is sparsely populated. A swim before lunch would be nice so thats what I do. Getting in, the water is barely cool enough to notice that its there. Staying in indefinitely would be no problem. I intended to take some refresher scuba lessons before coming, but never quite got that organized. Too bad, because scuba and snorkeling opportunities abound, with commercial operators to take you out to the islands and reef a mile or so off shore. A dive report will have to wait for another year. After lunch, the energetic shoppers in the group (definitely not me) head for La Peñita, a modest village located between Guayabitos and the airport, with an active cluster of small shops. The EZ-shoppers come back with smiles and fewer pesos aboard, which I take to mean mission accomplished. Somewhere in this timeframe, Bill Oertel and Bob Fuselier go to the airport to prospect for oil or more correctly, the source for the oil thats deposited on N262Es cowl, as another quart disappeared (at least from inside the engine) in the one hour flight between Mazatlán and El Llano. After some wrench twisting and a trip to the auto parts store for RTV, 62 Echos blown crankshaft seal is back where it belongs, and Bobs spirits are distinctly brighter.

Guayabitos is a bird watchers paradise. This Great Egret was just a short walk up the beach from the hotel.

More American pilots begin to arrive Gnter & Ann Hagen in their Cougar twin, Don & Carol Luschar in a Mooney Rocket, and Willy & Doris Gephart in a C-182 so it wont be just our three EZs representing the U.S. But theres bad news. Gnter, who attended the Fly-In last year, caught a reinforced, concrete fence post on the end of the runway with his right wing landing at El Llano. His engine(s) were running rough on final and failed to gain power when he advanced the throttles, and Gnter felt lucky to have made the runway at all. Nobody is hurt, but the Cougar is. The upshot is a substantial hole (several actually) in the bottom of the Cougars (formerly) wet wing just outboard of the engine, the right flap is damaged, the left gear over center spring is history, and the prop leading edges indicate that the barbed wire put up a stiff fight. Save-the-day, A&P Bill Oertel now has another project to occupy his vacation time. Some day this poor guy will go to Mexico and nobody will have a mechanical problem maybe. It looks like the Cougar can be flown back to the U.S. using cross-feed to the right engine, with an aluminum sheet pop riveted over the gashed wing, but this is definitely not good!

Fly-In Activities

For the rest of us, theres an intense agenda of casual reading, poolside visits, swimming, wandering off to eat, and general loafing around in the balmy tropical air waiting for the first of the official Fly-in activities a fine meal at Thursdays Welcome Dinner. Flying begins Friday morning (we left on Tuesday) with a spot landing, ribbon cutting, and balloon popping contest. The helium guy doesnt show up, so the balloon contest is a bust (as it were); Duck and I cut the required top ribbon, no problem; but I do a miserable job on the spot landings, hitting well short of the mark both times. Its also an opportunity to inspect Gnters twin to begin formulating a repair plan, and for Bob Fuselier to take a local scenic flight with Ann to check out the prop seal. Well, his prop seal stays in place, but after landing theres new oil on 62 Echos cowl, albeit less than before. Whats up with that? Time to look at the oil separator, which gets a mixed review based on some simple ramp tests. Bob decides to take it out of the system, but now theres some concern that the problem is actually excessive blow-by from a broken ring?

Bob Fuselier catches the top ribbon and a just little bit of the bottom ribbon too!

Saturday most of us participate in the Fly-In Rally. The previous night we were each given the latitude and longitude of seven waypoints and a crude map. Our task is to convert the waypoint information into a route, figure out exact times to each waypoint, and declare a cruise speed for our flight. Then all we have to do is arrive at each point on time (tough luck if you miss-plot a point!) and identify which waypoint goes with each of several dozen photos that we are shown on our return. Experience gained last year serves me well this year, as I remember to start my stopwatch, wheels off, and I have a better chart than the one we were given. Making my waypoint times while dodging under building cumulus makes for an interesting event, but the flight works out well for me. The bad news is that Bob Fuselier (who shadowed Dons Mooney on the Rally) returns with even more oil on the cowl. There isnt much he can do other than reconnect the oil separator and live with the oil loss situation (which ultimately proves to be about a half a quart an hour on the trip home). In addition to the Rally flights, a bunch of skydivers drop in unexpectedly and the R/C modelers fly their planes. These events help entertain the local crowd while were off flying the Rally course.

Saturday night is the Fly-In Awards Banquet and there is a special treat for us (in addition to the excellent meal). The VBV staff has arranged to have a Mexican folk ballet dance group perform for us. They are Nayarit State Champions who came in from the capital, Tepic; and they put on a fabulous show, with incredible costumes and dancing at the world class level. For the second year in a row, the American pilots break a long-standing tradition of being crushed by the Mexican Pilots. Bill Oertel wins the spot landing contest, and Don Luschar and I take second and first places in the Rally.

The last day of the Fly-In is devoted to flying Mexican Young Eagles. For most of them it is the experience of a lifetime, and it is a way for us to pay back the hospitality that we experienced in Guayabitos. Bill Oertel is flying kids as fast as he can load and unload, while I only fly a few because rain showers in the area make for high landing speeds and degrade my climb performance. The factory builts are hauling kids by the dozen. I count nine kids getting out of the Cessna 210, and a big twin holds a lot more than that. Increasing rain showers mark the end of YE flying, and then a real soaker washes through. According to Karen, this is only the third time that they have had heavy rain in November in the past eight years.

Mexican Folk dancers from Tepic perform at the Awards Dinner.

Heading Home

Sunday afternoon its time to think about heading home. I check the weather using the VBV office computer (theres no TV weather channel). Scattered showers are forecast over the route between MMMZ and MMHO, with areas of rain inland. All the coastal cities are forecast to be VFR, with a possibility of temporary MVFR in showers. The prog charts for Tuesday look about the same or worse, so delaying our departure doesnt seem to yield any advantage over Monday. Bob and I plan a dawn launch from LLF. I sleep in until 4:20 AM, as Ann volunteered to get up early to make breakfast by 5:00 AM. The cab arrives exactly at 5:30 AM, as promised, and its off to the airport in pitch dark. The airport gate is locked up tight, but we wiggle through a hole in the fence and load up. The soldiers wake up and come out to see us off at 6:15 AM, just as the sun comes up. The route to MMMZ is reasonably clear with some offshore showers and lightening in the distant southwest. About 40 nm out, Mazatlán approach gives us a left 360 turn for traffic, and then wants another 360 a few minutes later. I request lower instead, since theres rain off to our left, and thats acceptable to the controller. We extend our downwind at MMMZ for a jet to land and back taxi, and then were on the ground for fuel, flight plans and weather. Bob is only down about 1/3 of a quart of oil. Several showers come through, soaking the ramp not a particularly good sign. Station forecasts are consistent with, or even a bit better than those from the previous day. The satellite image, however, shows a band of cloud cover with build-ups heading northeast, beginning about 60 miles north of Mazatlán and roughly 60 miles wide. The weather briefer at MMMZ doesnt recommend VFR, but we decide to take a look.

False clearing in the east this is rugged country and high too! (Photo by Ann Landers)

About 60 nm out of Culiacan we reach the edge of the weather system, as expected. Dropping down over the ocean and running underneath isnt an option because mucho lightening is at work out there, and we want no part of that. So we opt to head inland toward the northeast where conditions look better. Conditions are better, somewhat; but we cant find a clear path toward Hermosillo, where we really want to go. I left MMMZ with enough fuel aboard to make San Diego (albeit, barely) under normal conditions, and Bob has even more time in the tanks than I do in his LEZ, so fuel doesnt seem like it can become an issue; and MMMZ is forecast to remain VFR for the next five hours if we need to return. So we press on to the northeast in search of the fabled Northwest Passage, with the expectation that conditions on the east side of the mountains are likely to be better. They are, slightly, but we are now far off the direct route, and we havent made any real progress toward Hermosillo since we left the coast. Chihuahua is in easy reach, but when Bob calls, they are reporting IFR to the ground. Weather south of us at Torreon is likely to be VFR, but we cant confirm this with Chihuahua and likely just isnt nearly good enough for me, since committing to Torreon probably would eliminate our other options. A belated return to Mazatlán seems to be in order; but a turn in that direction and a groundspeed check shows that its all up hill, with a spanking headwind. If we cant go direct to MMMZ from where we are because of weather, my fuel could get really tight. This is not good, at all, and some smarter decisions are needed, immediately. Im determined not to head for any airport that might be IFR since Bob isnt IFR rated, or where I might run out of fuel on the way there obviously! I know that I have enough fuel to make Hermosillo, and that it should be (and is forecast to be) VFR since its on the far side of the weather. Alamos and Guaymas are potential alternates enroute to MMHO, but they arent very attractive since Alamos is in the mountains and Guaymas is closer to the main weather system. Decision made, we set a direct course for Hermosillo and do what we have to do to get there. Thoughts of mistakes made under similar circumstances (e.g., Gus Sabo) come to mind, and definitely not for the first time this day. Scud running would be suicidal in this jagged terrain, and I rule out going higher than 11,000 ft because I dont want to spend any fuel climbing that I might need later (when its gone baby, its gone!). It isnt an easy flight, and visibility at times is, shall we say, very limited. Conditions begin to improve about 100 miles out of Hermosillo and we land in the sunshine, with a few stray showers lurking in the area. I land with a full reserve tank (~40 minutes of fuel at cruise) and pay for 26.4 gallons of gas. The mains hold around 28 gallons with the nose down. Well, its a lot later than we planned2, we need to clear Mexico before dark, and its still a two hour flight to the border. Bob rounds up 3 quarts of oil with some difficulty, and we feverishly begin sticking the 12-inch N-numbers on our planes that are needed to enter U.S. airspace. Meanwhile, Ann, bless her heart, does all the paperwork for us and were good to go. Well almost, as it turns out. After we are cleared onto the runway for takeoff the tower calls again, “Somebody left their passport! Well, that was a close call! We taxi back to immigration at a sprightly clip to retrieve it.

North of Hermosillo we see about the best rainbow ever especially since it is clear of our intended flight path! Two hours later were over the border just at sunset, and we shut down exactly on our amended flight plan TOA. U.S. Customs is cordial, fast and friendly. Evidently, last years good experience isnt a fluke, so hats off the U.S. Agents in Calexico we sure appreciate the great service! My engine starts first pull and I quickly rig my bird for night flight. Last year it was still light when I departed Calexico, and I hadnt fully thought through the fact that darkness was imminent. This year it is full-on dark. Were off together, and heading out on slightly diverging flight paths on a clear, see forever night. Bob and Ann are heading for Ramona and Im bound for Montgomery in San Diego. We can see each others running lights for most of the flight back as we slowly drift apart. Wow, what a trip, and its sure good to get everyone home safe! 2. We missed our flight plan ETA to MMHO by well over two hours, now thats a first!

N862DP homeward bound north of Hermosillo, at the end of the rainbow. (Photo by Ann Landers)


Flying in Mexico is like a step back in time it still has a lot of the wonderful freedom that has been lost in the more structured and busy airspace of the U.S., particularly in Southern California with its layers of Class Bravo airspace, ATC, etc. But Mexico also has a higher level of responsibility that can challenge the complacent pilot. Weather information can be spotty to nonexistent, paved airports are few and often very far apart, mechanical assistance may be limited to what you can do for yourself, and there are few, if any controllers to hold your hand and help pull your fanny out of the fire if you insist on warming up your underwear. In short, conservative flight planning with a flexible schedule is required. I knew this before I left, but I know it even more after returning from this trip! As was the case last year, I found all of the officials at the Mexican airports to be very friendly and helpful. Of course, they have their regulations and procedures to follow (its their country and their job, after all); but they did their best to expedite and guide us through the process. Just be sure to do your part by bringing the required documentation. Having lots of cash in hand, including small bills helps too Visa not accepted! Over the past seven years, our friends at the VBV resort have developed an enjoyable mix of relaxation, social activities, and flying events3. Im already looking forward to my next trip to Mexico. How about joining the fun?


Even before we departed Monday morning, Gunter had already rounded up a perfect replacement for the damaged gear overcenter spring on his Cougar at the local auto parts store (in the drum brake department). Over the next two days, wizard A&P, Bill Oertel modified the formerly wet, then dry, and finally the semi-wet right wing by adding eighty-eight pounds of water ballast, and pop riveting an aluminum sheet over the damaged wing skin. The ballast was contained in a large number of Individual Fluid Containment Modules (IFCMs)4. With the addition of wing ballast, the Cougars roll trim system had sufficient authority to compensate for the full range of fuel levels in the left (operational) tank. Gnter was able to fly the Cougar all the way back to Santa Monica on Wednesday with no problems, making four fuel stops on the way. With everyone else safely home and out from underfoot, Bill and Donna were finally able to kick back and enjoy their remaining nine day stay in Guayabitos. Coming home on the 27th, they had beautiful flying weather with favorable winds to Guaymas, followed by head winds but good flying weather all the way to Palomar Mountain just east of the LA air basin. Unfortunately, their home airport, Chino was IFR in rain (1/4 mi. visibility and a 400 ft. ceiling) so they had to leave the plane at the French Valley airport, less than 40 nm from Chino to be collected later in better weather. Duck noted that the final leg home by car took as long as the ~540 nm flight from El Llano to Guaymas! 3. See Guayabitos Fly-In for more information on the Fly-In and the El Llano airport. 4. Most of the IFCMs were fabricated from empty plastic soda pop bottles. What I would still like to know is, who got the task of drinking that much pop and how long did it take?

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